An international conference jointly promoted by
Reset Dialogues and the Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Sarajevo
How do social, religious and political communities foster genuine and lasting reconciliation? What are the viable paths to achieving reconciliation: by way of civil society and social movements, or via diplomacy, truth commissions and official declarations?
Obviously, religion is not at the origin of all conflicts: secular and other types of ideologies share responsibility for instigating and perpetuating painful group experiences that call for redress. When state and religion were intertwined, or in times of war and repression, “reconciliation” frequently meant forced assimilation. Despite having inspired or justified violence in the past, however, religions may help to bridge the chasms they once welcomed and to heal wounds inflicted in their name. But they may also exacerbate and reopen grievances.
Politics can safeguard the space for reconciliation to take place but has its own shortcomings: the legitimacy of the underlying political regimes interacts with these processes, and can aid or impede the State in the role of neutral broker. And State actors can themselves form an obstacle to reconciliation.
Finally, is there a complementary role for theology in the process of reconstructing identity? Communities may have a capacity for transformation but lack the scholarly resources. How can societies go forward while acknowledging and preserving memories of exile, forced conversion, war or genocide? What seems certain is that the absence of reconciliation can prevent other conversations from taking place. This conference seeks to fill that opening: to identify practical paths to achieving forgiveness and thus moving on.
Participants will gather to advance our understanding of the bases and practices of reconciliation across multiple political and religious contexts. Speakers will be invited to focus on essential elements of justice and forgiveness within Judaism, Christianity and Islam, as well as in the aftermath of democratic transition, systemic oppression or ethno-national conflict.
This workshop will engage with reconciliation in secular conflicts as well as secular humanist approaches, including philosophy and ethics. Thus, scholars may appeal to sacred texts in Abrahamic traditions and beyond or to the legacies of Gandhi and Mandela. The cases to be examined may include “classic” examples of internal reconciliation like Northern Ireland, South Africa, the Balkans, or the European Union, but the focus goes beyond situations of post-conflict resolution.
Comparing theories, experiences and best practices, the conference will aim at generating useful insights and concrete policy recommendations for all stakeholders involved in sensitive reconciliation processes at different latitudes.
The edited volume that we produce from this meeting will be a featured publication in our Intercultural Lexicon series on crucial key words and political-cultural terms.
Speakers and Participants
Ahmet Alibasic, Petar Bojanic, Giancarlo Bosetti, Carolyne Boyd Tomasovic, Marta Craveri, Simone Disegni, Pasquale Ferrara, Susannah Heschel, Besa Ismaili, Peter Jörgensen, Hikmet Karčić, Igor Kožemjakin, Zorica Kuburić, Jonathan Laurence, Jörg Lüer, Katherine Marshall, Kenan Music, Hasan Nuhanović, Rashied Omar, Andres Felipe Pacheco Lozano, Isabel Piper, Stephen Pope, Melissa Raphael, Daniel Roth, Zilka Spahic, Anina Schwarzenbach, Debora Tonelli, Orfilio Ernesto Valiente, Flora Winfield.
This conference is made possible thanks to the generous support of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the University of Bern, the Clough Center for the Study of Constitutional Democracy, and the Ministry of Science, Higher Education and Youth of the Canton of Sarajevo.
Thursday, September 15, 2022 – Reconciliation Across Religious Contexts
9:00 – 9:15 Welcome and Registration
9:15 – 9:30 Opening Remarks [public session]
- Ahmet Alibasic (University of Sarajevo)
- Jonathan Laurence (Reset Dialogues / Boston College)
9:30 – 11:00 SESSION I: Framing Reconciliation
- Zilka Spahic (University of Sarajevo)
- Debora Tonelli (Georgetown University / Pontifical Gregorian University)
- Pasquale Ferrara (Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Chair: Giancarlo Bosetti (Reset DOC)
11:00 – 11:30 Coffee Break
11:30 – 13:00 SESSION II: Christian Perspectives on Reconciliation
- Jörg Lüer (Iustitia e Pax)
- Aikaterini Pekridou (Conference of European Churches)
- Stephen Pope (Boston College)
- Flora Winfield (Church of England)
Chair: Peter Jörgensen (Religions for Peace)
13:00 – 14:15 Lunch Break
14:15 – 15:45 SESSION III: Jewish Perspectives on Reconciliation
- Susannah Heschel (Dartmouth University)
- Igor Kožemjakin (Interreligious Council in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
- Melissa Raphael (Leo Baeck College)
- Daniel Roth (Mosaica -The Religious Peace Initiative)
Chair: Simone Disegni (Reset DOC)
15:45 – 16:15 Coffee Break
16:15 – 17:45 SESSION IV: Muslim Perspectives on Reconciliation
- Kenan Music (University of Sarajevo)
- Hasan Nuhanovic (Writer and Activist)
- Rashied Omar (University of Notre Dame)
Chair: Anina Schwarzenbach (University of Bern)
Friday, September 16, 2022 – Reconciliation after political conflict
9:00 – 10:30 SESSION V: Reconciliation in Democratic Transition
- Andres Felipe Pacheco Lozano (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
- Isabel Piper (Universidad de Chile)
- Orfilio Ernesto Valiente (Boston College – School of Theology and Ministry)
Chair: Marta Craveri (Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme)
10:30 – 11:00 Coffee Break
11:00 – 12:30 SESSION VI: Reconciliation after Ethno-Nationalist conflict
- Besa Ismaili (University of Pristina)
- Zorica Kubirić (University of Novisad)
- Caroline Boyd Tomasovic (Ecumenical Women’s Initiative)
- Petar Bojanic (University of Belgrade)
Chair: Hikmet Karčić (Institute for Islamic Tradition of Bosniaks)
12:30 – 14:30 Lunch Break and Friday Prayer
14:30 – 15:00 Keynote Speech
(Georgetown University – Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs)
15:00 – 17:00 Closing Roundtable
Lessons learned and recommendations for Stakeholders [public session]
- Ahmet Alibašić (University of Sarajevo)
- Susannah Heschel (Dartmouth University)
- Peter Jörgensen (Religions for Peace)
- Jonathan Laurence (Boston College / Reset Dialogues)
Saturday, September 17, 2022
8.00-20.00 Field Visit to Mostar
Cover Photo: Julian Nyča / WikiMedia